William M. Klykylo and Jerald Kay
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a. Prior to 20 years ago, research into an understanding of the after-effects of trauma was solely based on adult males.
b. Children may be particularly susceptible to the after-effects of trauma because of their dependency on adults for safety and care as well as their limited ability to affect their environment.
c. Childhood exposure to natural disasters, exposure to war-related traumas, as well as physical and sexual abuse, seem to be associated with similar rates of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
d. Two-thirds of children report at least one traumatic event by 16 years of age.