William M. Klykylo and Jerald Kay
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a. The risk for psychological and social adjustment problems in children with chronic medical problems is no greater than that of healthy children.
b. Comorbid psychiatric and pediatric medical problems contribute to increased health costs, less satisfactory outcomes, and increased diagnostic uncertainty.
c. Emotional, behavioral, and family difficulties can negatively affect the course of physical disease.
d. Various estimates indicate that approximately 6–20% of children under the age of 18 have a chronic medical problem.